Energy Efficiency (EE) can play a key role as India struggles to meet its developmental goals under severe resource and environmental constraints, as it is the cheapest and fastest way to minimize carbon emissions, and meet electricity service needs. In fact, most EE is less expensive than even low cost generation, i.e. coal or gas-based generation, and therefore, should be the first “resource” considered for fulfilling demand.
After the passage of the Energy Conservation Act in 2001, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was set up. BEE has initiated several programs such as the Standards and Labeling program for appliances. In addition, GoI established the National Mission on Enhancing Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) as one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change. Further, several electricity regulatory commissions (ERCs) have initiated efforts to improve EE through demand-side management programs. In spite of these efforts, progress in implementation of EE has been sluggish.
Prayas has been involved in EE since the early 1990s and developed an integrated resource plan for Maharashtra in 1994. Most of Prayas’s recent work in this area has been on promoting the rapid implementation of energy efficiency in India. Prayas developed and promoted the concept of national or multi-state programs (MSPs) for DSM, and is focusing on building a knowledge base required for promoting and implementing them. In that context, Prayas carried out a study to estimate savings from various appliances in Indian households. Extending the concept of MSPs in scope from the national to the global arena, LBNL, Prayas and RAP wrote a paper on accelerating the deployment of super-efficient appliances through multi-country coordination. In addition, Prayas sponsored a study to collate studies carried out in India on efficient groundwater pumping for agriculture.
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